Related Publications

Public-Private Partnerships: Leveraging Private Resources For The Public Good

By: Jacques Gansler, William Lucyshyn

January 01, 2016

The federal government faces daunting long-term fiscal challenges that jeopardize
delivery of essential programs and services. In its December 2012 report, The Moment of
Truth, the bi-partisan National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform
(Simpson-Bowles) concluded that “The problem is real. The solution will be painful.
There is no easy way out. Everything must be on the table” (p. 6). State and local
governments also face significant fiscal pressure. Absent major policy changes,
expenditures will continue to outpace revenues, resulting in growing negative balances
that threaten many jurisdictions’ ability to provide services, and invest in much-needed


Independent Research And Development (IR&D) The Challenges Continue

By: Jacques Gansler, William Lucyshyn

October 01, 2015

For nearly 80 years, defense policy makers have worked to develop and refine policy that incentivizes firms to undertake independent research and development (IR&D), defined by the Department of Defense (DoD) as research and development that is not sponsored, or required, in the performance of a contract or grant, but that is ultimately recovered through the firm’s overhead rate. As enacted, IR&D policy permits investment in four areas: basic research, applied research, development, and systems and other concept formulation studies. To qualify as IR&D, the firms’ effort must be of potential interest to the DoD. Beginning in 1996, firms could seek reimbursement for up to 100% of their IR&D investment. Today, the DoD reimburses defense and commercial firms nearly $4 billion annually for their IR&D efforts (Erwin, 2015a).

IR&D The Challenges Continue

Reducing The Challenges To Making Cybersecurity Investments In The Private Sector

By: Lawrence A. Gordon, Ph.D., Martin P. Loeb, Ph.D., William Lucyshyn, Lei Zhou

June 30, 2015

The underlying objective of the research project described in this Final Report (hereafter referred to as the Report) was to understand more fully the challenges associated with making cybersecurity investments in the private sector, and to recommend policies for facilitating the appropriate level of such investments. Particular emphasis was given to those firms that own and/or operate assets critical to the national infrastructure. As discussed in Section I of the Report, we began by developing a conceptual/analytical framework for making cybersecurity investments. In other words, since cybersecurity investments compete with other investment opportunities available to firms, they need to be justified in terms of showing that the benefits exceed the costs (i.e., ultimately, cybersecurity investments become a business decision in the private sector). This means that companies in the private sector must be able to “make the business case” for investing in cybersecurity activities in a manner that is consistent with the way companies consider other investment decisions. 

Reducing The Challenges

Reforming Acquisition: This Time Must Be Different

By: Jacques Gansler, William Lucyshyn, Ryan Ouimette, Bryn Woollacott

June 01, 2015

The Department of Defense (DoD) has pursued acquisition reform for decades in an effort to address persistent cost and schedule growth across major programs. Although countless reforms have been proposed and implemented, headline-grabbing incidences of waste, fraud, and abuse continue to attract the attention of Congress and the American public. In light of emerging threats and increased budgetary pressure, problems within the defense acquisition system may grow deeper. The time to act is now. Failure to make needed changes will have lasting negative impacts on our armed forces and national security policies.

Reforming Acquisition

Unintended Outcomes of Small Business Legislation & Policy: Opportunities For Improvement

By: Jinee Burdg, Jacques Gansler, William Lucyshyn

March 01, 2015

The Federal Government's spent over $440B on procurement in FY 2014, with over $280B just for DoD. This spending creates opportunities for implementing selected national policies. As part of these, the Small Business Act of 1953 established the Small Business Administration (SBA) and small business set-asides to help maintain the health of the industrial base (defense and others), to facilitate greater competition, to create more opportunity for businesses to succeed in the public sector, to create jobs, and to encourage innovation (for the nation’s economic competitiveness). However, the pursuit of admirable social goals can create problems and introduce inefficiencies into the procurement process. This report will focus primarily on the implementation of small business set-asides within the DoD, which, by far, buys the most goods and services. To that end, it reviews previous and current small business initiatives and discusses the related challenges and how they can be overcome; as well as the benefits that can be realized.

Unintended Outcomes of Small Business Legislation & Policy